Athens, city, seat (1871) of Clarke county (with which it was consolidated in 1990), northeastern Georgia, U.S., on the Oconee River. Founded in 1801 as the seat of the University of Georgia (chartered 1785), it was probably named for Athens, Greece. The city grew with the university, was spared the destruction that accompanied Union General William Tecumseh Sherman’s march through Georgia in 1864, and became a trading and industrial centre of a rich agricultural area (supporting dairy and beef cattle and poultry).
The city’s industrial activities include poultry processing and the manufacture of electronics and electrical components, apparel, industrial machinery, transportation equipment, and textiles; tourism is also important. Notable antebellum buildings survive, including the Lucy Cobb Institute, the Taylor-Grady House, the Joseph Henry Lumpkin House, and the Church-Waddel-Brumby house (believed to be the oldest structure in Athens, 1820). Many of these buildings are popular tourist attractions as exquisite examples of Federal and Greek Revival design. Athens is the site of Athens Academy (1967), a coeducational college-preparatory day school, and the U.S. Navy Supply Corps School and Museum. It is also home to the restored Morton Theatre (1910), one of the country’s first vaudeville theatres owned and operated by an African American; most of the notables of the Jazz Age—from Louis Armstrong to Duke Ellington—performed there. A segment of Oconee National Forest is about 10 miles (16 km) to the south. Since the 1970s the Athens popular music scene has spawned a number of successful acts, including the B-52s, R.E.M., and the Black Crowes. Inc. town, 1806; city, 1872. Pop. (2000) consolidated area, 101,489; Athens–Clarke County Metro Area, 166,079; (2010) 115,452; Athens–Clarke County Metro Area, 192,541.